Namespace
Varianti

offsetof

Da cppreference.com.
< cpp‎ | types

 
 
Utilità libreria
Tipo di supporto (basic types, RTTI, type traits)
Gestione della memoria dinamica
La gestione degli errori
Programma di utilità
Funzioni variadic
Data e ora
Funzione oggetti
initializer_list(C++11)
bitset
hash(C++11)
Gli operatori relazionali
Original:
Relational operators
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rel_ops::operator!=
rel_ops::operator>
rel_ops::operator<=
rel_ops::operator>=
Coppie e tuple
Original:
Pairs and tuples
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pair
tuple(C++11)
piecewise_construct_t(C++11)
piecewise_construct(C++11)
Swap, in avanti e spostare
Original:
Swap, forward and move
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swap
forward(C++11)
move(C++11)
move_if_noexcept(C++11)
declval(C++11)
 
Tipo di supporto
Tipi base
Original:
Basic types
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Tipi fondamentali
Larghezza fissa interi tipi (C++11)
nullptr_t(C++11)
offsetof
NULL
Limiti numerici
Original:
Numeric limits
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numeric_limits
C numerico limita interfaccia
Informazioni sul tipo di runtime
Original:
Runtime type information
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Tipo tratti
Original:
Type traits
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Categorie di tipo primario
Original:
Primary type categories
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is_void(C++11)
is_array(C++11)
is_pointer(C++11)
is_enum(C++11)
is_union(C++11)
is_class(C++11)
is_function(C++11)
is_object(C++11)
is_scalar(C++11)
is_compound(C++11)
is_integral(C++11)
is_floating_point(C++11)
is_fundamental(C++11)
is_arithmetic(C++11)
is_reference(C++11)
is_lvalue_reference(C++11)
is_rvalue_reference(C++11)
is_member_pointer(C++11)
is_member_object_pointer(C++11)
is_member_function_pointer(C++11)
Proprietà del tipo
Original:
Type properties
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is_const(C++11)
is_volatile(C++11)
is_pod(C++11)
is_empty(C++11)
is_polymorphic(C++11)
is_abstract(C++11)
Operazioni supportate
Original:
Supported operations
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is_constructible
is_trivially_constructible
is_nothrow_constructible
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
is_default_constructible
is_trivially_default_constructible
is_nothrow_default_constructible
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
is_copy_constructible
is_trivially_copy_constructible
is_nothrow_copy_constructible
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
is_move_constructible
is_trivially_move_constructible
is_nothrow_move_constructible
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
is_assignable
is_trivially_assignable
is_nothrow_assignable
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
is_copy_assignable
is_trivially_copy_assignable
is_nothrow_copy_assignable
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
is_move_assignable
is_trivially_move_assignable
is_nothrow_move_assignable
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
is_destructible
is_trivially_destructible
is_nothrow_destructible
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
has_virtual_destructor(C++11)
I rapporti e le query di proprietà
Original:
Relationships and property queries
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is_same(C++11)
is_base_of(C++11)
is_convertible(C++11)
alignment_of(C++11)
rank(C++11)
extent(C++11)
Tipo modifiche
Original:
Type modifications
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remove_cv
remove_const
remove_volatile
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
add_cv
add_const
add_volatile
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
make_signed(C++11)
make_unsigned(C++11)
Tipo di trasformazioni
Original:
Type transformations
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aligned_storage(C++11)
aligned_union(C++11)
decay(C++11)
enable_if(C++11)
conditional(C++11)
common_type(C++11)
underlying_type(C++11)
result_of(C++11)
Digitare costanti tratto
Original:
Type trait constants
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integral_constant(C++11)
 
Defined in header <cstddef>
#define offsetof(type, member) /*implementation-defined*/
Il offsetof macro restituisce una costante di std::size_t tipo, il cui valore è l'offset, in byte, dall'inizio di un oggetto del tipo specificato al suo membro specificato, compresi eventuali imbottiture.
Original:
The macro offsetof expands to a constant of type std::size_t, the value of which is the offset, in bytes, from the beginning of an object of specified type to its specified member, including padding if any.
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Indice

[modifica] Note

Se type non è una norma di tipo-layout, il comportamento non è definito.
Original:
If type is not a standard-layout type, the behavior is undefined.
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Se member è un membro statico o un membro funzione, il comportamento non è definito.
Original:
If member is a static member or a function member, the behavior is undefined.
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L'offset del primo membro di una norma-layout tipo è sempre zero (empty-base di ottimizzazione è obbligatorio)
Original:
The offset of the first member of a standard-layout type is always zero (empty-base di ottimizzazione is mandatory)
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[modifica] Possibile implementazione

#define offsetof(type,member) ((std::size_t) &(((type*)0)->member))

[modifica] Esempio

#include <iostream>
#include <cstddef>
struct S {
    char c;
    double d;
};
int main()
{
    std::cout << "the first element is at offset " << offsetof(S, c) << '\n'
              << "the double is at offset " << offsetof(S, d) << '\n';
}

Output:

the first element is at offset 0
the double is at offset 8

[modifica] Vedi anche

senza segno tipo intero restituito dal gestore sizeof
Original:
unsigned integer type returned by the sizeof operator
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(typedef) [edit]
controlla se è un tipo standard di layout tipo
Original:
checks if a type is standard-layout type
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(classe template) [edit]