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NULL

Da cppreference.com.
< cpp‎ | types

 
 
Utilità libreria
Tipo di supporto (basic types, RTTI, type traits)
Gestione della memoria dinamica
La gestione degli errori
Programma di utilità
Funzioni variadic
Data e ora
Funzione oggetti
initializer_list(C++11)
bitset
hash(C++11)
Gli operatori relazionali
Original:
Relational operators
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rel_ops::operator!=
rel_ops::operator>
rel_ops::operator<=
rel_ops::operator>=
Coppie e tuple
Original:
Pairs and tuples
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pair
tuple(C++11)
piecewise_construct_t(C++11)
piecewise_construct(C++11)
Swap, in avanti e spostare
Original:
Swap, forward and move
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swap
forward(C++11)
move(C++11)
move_if_noexcept(C++11)
declval(C++11)
 
Tipo di supporto
Tipi base
Original:
Basic types
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Tipi fondamentali
Larghezza fissa interi tipi (C++11)
nullptr_t(C++11)
offsetof
NULL
Limiti numerici
Original:
Numeric limits
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numeric_limits
C numerico limita interfaccia
Informazioni sul tipo di runtime
Original:
Runtime type information
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Tipo tratti
Original:
Type traits
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Categorie di tipo primario
Original:
Primary type categories
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is_void(C++11)
is_array(C++11)
is_pointer(C++11)
is_enum(C++11)
is_union(C++11)
is_class(C++11)
is_function(C++11)
is_object(C++11)
is_scalar(C++11)
is_compound(C++11)
is_integral(C++11)
is_floating_point(C++11)
is_fundamental(C++11)
is_arithmetic(C++11)
is_reference(C++11)
is_lvalue_reference(C++11)
is_rvalue_reference(C++11)
is_member_pointer(C++11)
is_member_object_pointer(C++11)
is_member_function_pointer(C++11)
Proprietà del tipo
Original:
Type properties
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is_const(C++11)
is_volatile(C++11)
is_pod(C++11)
is_empty(C++11)
is_polymorphic(C++11)
is_abstract(C++11)
Operazioni supportate
Original:
Supported operations
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is_constructible
is_trivially_constructible
is_nothrow_constructible
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
is_default_constructible
is_trivially_default_constructible
is_nothrow_default_constructible
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
is_copy_constructible
is_trivially_copy_constructible
is_nothrow_copy_constructible
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
is_move_constructible
is_trivially_move_constructible
is_nothrow_move_constructible
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
is_assignable
is_trivially_assignable
is_nothrow_assignable
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
is_copy_assignable
is_trivially_copy_assignable
is_nothrow_copy_assignable
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
is_move_assignable
is_trivially_move_assignable
is_nothrow_move_assignable
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
is_destructible
is_trivially_destructible
is_nothrow_destructible
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
has_virtual_destructor(C++11)
I rapporti e le query di proprietà
Original:
Relationships and property queries
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is_same(C++11)
is_base_of(C++11)
is_convertible(C++11)
alignment_of(C++11)
rank(C++11)
extent(C++11)
Tipo modifiche
Original:
Type modifications
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remove_cv
remove_const
remove_volatile
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
add_cv
add_const
add_volatile
(C++11)
(C++11)
(C++11)
make_signed(C++11)
make_unsigned(C++11)
Tipo di trasformazioni
Original:
Type transformations
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aligned_storage(C++11)
aligned_union(C++11)
decay(C++11)
enable_if(C++11)
conditional(C++11)
common_type(C++11)
underlying_type(C++11)
result_of(C++11)
Digitare costanti tratto
Original:
Type trait constants
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integral_constant(C++11)
 
Defined in header <cstddef>
Defined in header <cstring>
Defined in header <cwchar>
Defined in header <ctime>
Defined in header <clocale>
Defined in header <cstdio>
#define NULL /*implementation-defined*/
Definisce la costante di puntatore nullo, che è un prvalue integrante un'espressione costante di tipo intero che restituisce zero o un prvalue di std::nullptr_t tipo. Il puntatore nullo costante può essere conversione implicita a qualsiasi tipo di puntatore, i risultati di conversione tipo nel puntatore nullo valore di quel tipo. Se la costante puntatore nullo è di tipo intero, esso può essere convertito in un tipo di prvalue std::nullptr_t.
Original:
Defines the null pointer constant, which is an integral constant expression prvalue of integer type that evaluates to zero or a prvalue of type std::nullptr_t. The null pointer constant may be conversione implicita to any pointer type; such conversion results in the null pointer value of that type. If the null pointer constant has integer type, it may be converted to a prvalue of type std::nullptr_t.
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[modifica] Possibile implementazione

#define NULL 0
//since C++11
#define NULL nullptr

[modifica] Esempio

#include <cstddef>
class S;
int main()
{
    int* p = NULL;
    int* p2 = static_cast<std::nullptr_t>(NULL);
    void(*f)(int) = NULL;
    int S::*mp = NULL;
    void(S::*mfp)(int) = NULL;
}


[modifica] Vedi anche

nullptr
il puntatore letterale che specifica un valore nullo (C++11) valore del puntatore
Original:
the pointer literal which specifies a null pointer value (C++11)
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[edit]
(C++11)
il tipo di puntatore nullo nullptr letterale
Original:
the type of the null pointer literal nullptr
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(typedef) [edit]