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std::negative_binomial_distribution

Da cppreference.com.
< cpp‎ | numeric‎ | random

 
 
Numeri libreria
Comuni funzioni matematiche
Virgola mobile ambiente
I numeri complessi
Array numerici
Pseudo-casuale generazione
In fase di compilazione aritmetica razionale (C++11)
Generici operazioni numeriche
Original:
Generic numeric operations
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iota(C++11)
accumulate
inner_product
adjacent_difference
partial_sum
 
Pseudo-casuale generazione
Motori e adattatori del motore
Original:
Engines and engine adaptors
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linear_congruential_engine(C++11)
mersenne_twister_engine(C++11)
subtract_with_carry_engine(C++11)
discard_block_engine(C++11)
independent_bits_engine(C++11)
shuffle_order_engine(C++11)
Generatori
Original:
Generators
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random_device(C++11)
Distribuzioni
Original:
Distributions
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Distribuzioni uniformi
Original:
Uniform distributions
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uniform_int_distribution(C++11)
uniform_real_distribution(C++11)
generate_canonical(C++11)
Bernoulli distribuzioni
Original:
Bernoulli distributions
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bernoulli_distribution(C++11)
binomial_distribution(C++11)
negative_binomial_distribution(C++11)
geometric_distribution(C++11)
Poisson distribuzioni
Original:
Poisson distributions
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poisson_distribution(C++11)
exponential_distribution(C++11)
gamma_distribution(C++11)
weibull_distribution(C++11)
extreme_value_distribution(C++11)
Distribuzioni normali
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Normal distributions
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normal_distribution(C++11)
lognormal_distribution(C++11)
chi_squared_distribution(C++11)
cauchy_distribution(C++11)
fisher_f_distribution(C++11)
student_t_distribution(C++11)
Distribuzioni di campionamento
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Sampling distributions
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discrete_distribution(C++11)
piecewise_constant_distribution(C++11)
piecewise_linear_distribution(C++11)
Seed Sequenze
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Seed Sequences
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seed_seq(C++11)
Libreria C
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C library
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rand
srand
RAND_MAX
 
std::negative_binomial_distribution
Membri funzioni
Original:
Member functions
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negative_binomial_distribution::negative_binomial_distribution
negative_binomial_distribution::reset
Generazione
Original:
Generation
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negative_binomial_distribution::operator()
Caratteristiche
Original:
Characteristics
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negative_binomial_distribution::p
negative_binomial_distribution::k
negative_binomial_distribution::param
negative_binomial_distribution::min
negative_binomial_distribution::max
Non membri funzioni
Original:
Non-member functions
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operator==
operator!=
operator<<
operator>>
 
Defined in header <random>
template< class IntType = int >
class negative_binomial_distribution;
(dal C++11)
Produce casuale non negativo i valori interi, distribuito in base alla funzione di probabilità discrete:
Original:
Produces random non-negative integer values i, distributed according to discrete probability function:
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P(i|k,p) =

k + i − 1
i


· pk
· (1 − p)i
Il valore rappresenta il numero di errori in una serie di indipendenti sì / no prove (ognuna riesce con p probabilità), prima di essere esattamente successi k.
Original:
The value represents the number of failures in a series of independent yes/no trials (each succeeds with probability p), before exactly k successes occur.
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Indice

[modifica] Membri tipi

Membro tipo
Original:
Member type
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Definition
result_type IntType
param_type
il tipo di set di parametri, non specificato
Original:
the type of the parameter set, unspecified
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[modifica] Membri funzioni

costruisce nuova distribuzione
Original:
constructs new distribution
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(membro pubblico funzione) [edit]
ripristina lo stato interno della distribuzione
Original:
resets the internal state of the distribution
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(membro pubblico funzione) [edit]
Generazione
Original:
Generation
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genera il successivo numero casuale nella distribuzione
Original:
generates the next random number in the distribution
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(membro pubblico funzione) [edit]
Caratteristiche
Original:
Characteristics
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restituisce la k parametro di distribuzione (numero di fallimenti di prova)
Original:
returns the k distribution parameter (number of trial failures)
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(membro pubblico funzione) [edit]
restituisce la distribuzione p parametro (probabilità di un true generatrice di prova)
Original:
returns the p distribution parameter (probability of a trial generating true)
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(membro pubblico funzione) [edit]
ottiene o imposta l'oggetto parametro di distribuzione
Original:
gets or sets the distribution parameter object
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(membro pubblico funzione) [edit]
restituisce il valore minimo potenzialmente generato
Original:
returns the minimum potentially generated value
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(membro pubblico funzione) [edit]
restituisce il valore massimo potenzialmente generato
Original:
returns the maximum potentially generated value
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(membro pubblico funzione) [edit]

[modifica] Non membri funzioni

confronta due oggetti di distribuzione
Original:
compares two distribution objects
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(funzione) [edit]
esegue flusso di ingresso e di uscita sul pseudo-casuale distribuzione numerica
Original:
performs stream input and output on pseudo-random number distribution
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(funzione) [edit]

[modifica] Esempio

#include <iostream>
#include <iomanip>
#include <string>
#include <map>
#include <random>
 
int main()
{
    std::random_device rd;
    std::mt19937 gen(rd());
    // Pat goes door-to-door selling cookies
    // At each house, there's a 75% chance that she sells one box
    // how many times will she be turned away before selling 5 boxes?
    std::negative_binomial_distribution<> d(5, 0.75);
 
    std::map<int, int> hist;
    for(int n=0; n<10000; ++n) {
        ++hist[d(gen)];
    }
    for(auto p : hist) {
        std::cout  << p.first << ' ' << std::string(p.second/100, '*') << '\n';
    }
}

Output:

0 ***********************
1 *****************************
2 **********************
3 *************
4 ******
5 ***
6 *
7 
8 
9 
10 
11

[modifica] Collegamenti esterni

Weisstein, Eric W. "Negative Binomial Distribution." Da MathWorld - Una risorsa Web Wolfram.
Original:
Weisstein, Eric W. "Negative Binomial Distribution." From MathWorld--A Wolfram Web Resource.
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