Namespace
Varianti

std::search_n

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< cpp‎ | algorithm

 
 
Algoritmo libreria
Funzioni
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Functions
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Non modifica le operazioni di sequenza
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Non-modifying sequence operations
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Modifica delle operazioni di sequenza
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Modifying sequence operations
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Partizionamento operazioni
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Partitioning operations
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Ordinamento delle operazioni (su intervalli ordinati)
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Sorting operations (on sorted ranges)
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Binarie (le operazioni di ricerca sui campi ordinati)
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Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
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Impostare le operazioni (su intervalli ordinati)
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Set operations (on sorted ranges)
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Heap operazioni
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Heap operations
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Minimo / massimo le operazioni
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Minimum/maximum operations
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Operazioni numeriche
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Numeric operations
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Libreria C
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C library
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Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class ForwardIt, class Size, class T >
ForwardIt1 search_n( ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last, Size count, const T& value );
(1)
template< class ForwardIt, class Size, class T, class BinaryPredicate >

ForwardIt1 search_n( ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last, Size count, const T& value,

                     BinaryPredicate p );
(2)
Ricerche la [first, last) gamma per la prima sequenza di conteggio elementi identici, ciascuno pari al valore determinato valore. La prima versione utilizza operator== di confrontare gli elementi, la seconda versione utilizza il predicato binario dato p.
Original:
Searches the range [first, last) for the first sequence of count identical elements, each equal to the given value value. The first version uses operator== to compare the elements, the second version uses the given binary predicate p.
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Indice

[modifica] Parametri

first, last -
la gamma di elementi da esaminare
Original:
the range of elements to examine
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count -
la lunghezza della sequenza di ricerca
Original:
the length of the sequence to search for
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value -
il valore degli elementi da ricercare
Original:
the value of the elements to search for
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p - binary predicate which returns ​true if the elements should be treated as equal.

The signature of the predicate function should be equivalent to the following:

 bool pred(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

The signature does not need to have const &, but the function must not modify the objects passed to it.
The type  Type1 must be such that an object of type ForwardIt can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to  Type1. The type  Type2 must be such that an object of type T can be implicitly converted to  Type2.

Type requirements
-
ForwardIt must meet the requirements of ForwardIterator.

[modifica] Valore di ritorno

Iiterator all'inizio della sequenza trovato [first, last) gamma. In assenza di tale sequenza viene trovato, viene restituito last.
Original:
Iiterator to the beginning of the found sequence in the range [first, last). If no such sequence is found, last is returned.
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[modifica] Complessità

Alla maggior parte delle applicazioni last - first del predicato.
Original:
At most last - first applications of the predicate.
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[modifica] Possibile implementazione

First version
template<class ForwardIt, class Size, class T>
ForwardIt1 search_n(ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last,
                          Size count, const T& value)
{
    Size curr_count = 0;
    ForwardIt result, t_last = first;
    std::advance(t_last, std::distance(first, last) - count + 1);
 
    for (; first != t_last; first++) {
        curr_count = 0;
        result = first;
        while (*first == value) {
            curr_count++;
            if (curr_count == count) {
                return result;
            }
            ++first;
        }
    }
    return last;
}
Second version
template<class ForwardIt, class Size, class T, class BinaryPredicate>
ForwardIt1 search_n(ForwardIt first, ForwardIt last,
                          Size count, const T& value, BinaryPredicate p)
{
    Size curr_count = 0;
    ForwardIt result, t_last = first;
    std::advance(t_last, std::distance(first, last) - count + 1);
 
    for (; first != t_last; first++) {
        curr_count = 0;
        result = first;
        while (p(*first == value)) {
            curr_count++;
            if (curr_count == count) {
                return result;
            }
            ++first;
        }
    }
    return last;
}

[modifica] Esempio

[modifica] Vedi anche

trova l'ultima sequenza di elementi di un certo intervallo
Original:
finds the last sequence of elements in a certain range
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(funzione di modello) [edit]
trova il primo elemento che soddisfi i criteri specifici
Original:
finds the first element satisfying specific criteria
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(funzione di modello) [edit]
searches for a range of elements
(funzione di modello) [edit]