Namespace
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std::inner_product

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< cpp‎ | algorithm

 
 
Algoritmo libreria
Funzioni
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Functions
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Non modifica le operazioni di sequenza
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Non-modifying sequence operations
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Modifica delle operazioni di sequenza
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Modifying sequence operations
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Partizionamento operazioni
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Partitioning operations
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Ordinamento delle operazioni (su intervalli ordinati)
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Sorting operations (on sorted ranges)
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Binarie (le operazioni di ricerca sui campi ordinati)
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Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
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Impostare le operazioni (su intervalli ordinati)
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Set operations (on sorted ranges)
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Heap operazioni
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Heap operations
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Minimo / massimo le operazioni
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Minimum/maximum operations
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Operazioni numeriche
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Numeric operations
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iota(C++11)
accumulate
inner_product
Libreria C
Original:
C library
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Defined in header <numeric>
template< class InputIt1, class InputIt2, class T >

T inner_product( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,

                 InputIt2 first2, T value );
(1)
template<

    class InputIt1,
    class InputIt2,
    class T,
    class BinaryOperation1,
    class BinaryOperation2
> T inner_product( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
                   InputIt2 first2, T value,
                   BinaryOperation1 op1,

                   BinaryOperation2 op2 );
(2)
Calcola prodotto interno (ossia la somma dei prodotti) del [first1, last1) gamma e un altro inizio gamma a first2. La prima versione utilizza per calcolare operator* prodotto delle coppie di elementi e operator+ per riassumere i prodotti, la seconda versione utilizza op2 e op1 per questi compiti, rispettivamente.
Original:
Computes inner product (i.e. sum of products) of the range [first1, last1) and another range beginning at first2. The first version uses operator* to compute product of the element pairs and operator+ to sum up the products, the second version uses op2 and op1 for these tasks respectively.
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Indice

[modifica] Parametri

first1, last1 -
la prima serie di elementi
Original:
the first range of elements
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first2 -
all'inizio del secondo intervallo di elementi
Original:
the beginning of the second range of elements
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value -
valore iniziale della somma dei prodotti
Original:
initial value of the sum of the products
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op1 - binary operation function object that will be applied.
Questa funzione prende un valore restituito da op2 e il valore corrente dell'accumulatore e produce un nuovo valore da memorizzare nell'accumulatore .
Original:
This function takes a value returned by op2 and the current value of the accumulator and produces a new value to be stored in the accumulator.
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The signature of the function should be equivalent to the following:

 Ret fun(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

The signature does not need to have const &.
The types  Type1 and  Type2 must be such that objects of types T and Type3 can be implicitly converted to  Type1 and  Type2 respectively. The type  Ret must be such that an object of type T can be assigned a value of type  Ret. ​

op2 - binary operation function object that will be applied.
Questa funzione prende un valore da ogni intervallo e produce un nuovo valore .
Original:
This function takes one value from each range and produces a new value.
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The signature of the function should be equivalent to the following:

 Ret fun(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

The signature does not need to have const &.
The types  Type1 and  Type2 must be such that objects of types InputIt1 and InputIt2 can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to  Type1 and  Type2 respectively. The type  Ret must be such that an object of type Type3 can be assigned a value of type  Ret. ​

Type requirements
-
InputIt1, InputIt2 must meet the requirements of InputIterator.
-
T must meet the requirements of CopyAssignable and CopyConstructible.

[modifica] Valore di ritorno

Il prodotto interno di due intervalli.
Original:
The inner product of two ranges.
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[modifica] Possibile implementazione

First version
template<class InputIt1, class InputIt2, class T>
T inner_product(InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
                InputIt2 first2, T value)
{
    while (first1 != last1) {
         value = value + *first1 * *first2;
         ++first1;
         ++first2;
    }
    return value;
}
Second version
template<class InputIt1, class InputIt2,
         class T,
         class BinaryOperation1, class BinaryOperation2>
T inner_product(InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
                InputIt2 first2, T value,
                BinaryOperation1 op1
                BinaryOperation2 op2)
{
    while (first1 != last1) {
         value = op1(value, op2(*first1, *first2));
         ++first1;
         ++first2;
    }
    return value;
}

[modifica] Esempio

#include <numeric>
#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <functional>
int main()
{
    std::vector<int> a{0, 1, 2, 3, 4};
    std::vector<int> b{5, 4, 2, 3, 1};
 
    int r1 = std::inner_product(a.begin(), a.end(), b.begin(), 0);
    std::cout << "Inner product of a and b: " << r1 << '\n';
 
    int r2 = std::inner_product(a.begin(), a.end(), b.begin(), 0,
                                std::plus<int>(), std::equal_to<int>());
    std::cout << "Number of pairwise matches between a and b: " <<  r2 << '\n';
}

Output:

Inner product of a and b: 21
Number of pairwise matches between a and b: 2

[modifica] Vedi anche

riassume una serie di elementi
Original:
sums up a range of elements
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(funzione di modello) [edit]
calcola la somma parziale di una serie di elementi
Original:
computes the partial sum of a range of elements
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(funzione di modello) [edit]