Namespace
Varianti

std::includes

Da cppreference.com.
< cpp‎ | algorithm

 
 
Algoritmo libreria
Funzioni
Original:
Functions
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Non modifica le operazioni di sequenza
Original:
Non-modifying sequence operations
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Modifica delle operazioni di sequenza
Original:
Modifying sequence operations
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Partizionamento operazioni
Original:
Partitioning operations
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Ordinamento delle operazioni (su intervalli ordinati)
Original:
Sorting operations (on sorted ranges)
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Binarie (le operazioni di ricerca sui campi ordinati)
Original:
Binary search operations (on sorted ranges)
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Impostare le operazioni (su intervalli ordinati)
Original:
Set operations (on sorted ranges)
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merge
inplace_merge
includes
Heap operazioni
Original:
Heap operations
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Minimo / massimo le operazioni
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Minimum/maximum operations
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Operazioni numeriche
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Numeric operations
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Libreria C
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C library
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Defined in header <algorithm>
template< class InputIt1, class InputIt2 >

bool includes( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,

               InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2 );
(1)
template< class InputIt1, class InputIt2 >

bool includes( InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,

               InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2, Compare comp );
(2)
Restituisce true se ogni elemento della gamma [first2, last2) ordinato si trova all'interno del campo di [first, last) ordinato. Anche se restituisce true [first2, last2) è vuoto.
Original:
Returns true if every element from the sorted range [first2, last2) is found within the sorted range [first, last). Also returns true if [first2, last2) is empty.
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La prima versione si aspetta che entrambe le gamme da ordinare con operator<, la seconda versione presume che saranno ordinati con la funzione di confronto dato comp.
Original:
The first version expects both ranges to be sorted with operator<, the second version expects them to be sorted with the given comparison function comp.
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Indice

[modifica] Parametri

first1, last1 -
la gamma ordinata di elementi da esaminare
Original:
the sorted range of elements to examine
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first2, last2 -
la gamma ordinato di elementi da ricercare
Original:
the sorted range of elements to search for
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comp - comparison function which returns ​true if the first argument is less than the second.

The signature of the comparison function should be equivalent to the following:

 bool cmp(const Type1 &a, const Type2 &b);

The signature does not need to have const &, but the function must not modify the objects passed to it.
The types Type1 and Type2 must be such that an object of type InputIt can be dereferenced and then implicitly converted to both of them. ​

Type requirements
-
InputIt must meet the requirements of InputIterator.

[modifica] Valore di ritorno

true se ogni elemento da [first2, last2) è un membro di [first, last).
Original:
true if every element from [first2, last2) is a member of [first, last).
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[modifica] Complessità

A confronto la maggior parte 2·(N1+N2-1), dove N1 = std::distance(first1, last1) e N2 = std::distance(first2, last2).
Original:
At most 2·(N1+N2-1) comparisons, where N1 = std::distance(first1, last1) and N2 = std::distance(first2, last2).
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[modifica] Possibile implementazione

First version
template<class InputIt1, class InputIt2>
bool includes(InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
              InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2)
{
    for (; first2 != last2; ++first1)
    {
        if (first1 == last1 || *first2 < *first1)
            return false;
        if ( !(*first1 < *first2) )
            ++first2;
    }
    return true;
}
Second version
template<class InputIt1, class InputIt2>
bool includes(InputIt1 first1, InputIt1 last1,
              InputIt2 first2, InputIt2 last2, Compare comp)
{
    for (; first2 != last2; ++first1)
    {
        if (first1 == last1 || comp(*first2, *first1))
            return false;
        if (!comp(*first1, *first2))
            ++first2;
    }
    return true;
}

[modifica] Esempio

#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
#include <cctype>
 
int main()
{
  std::vector<char> v1 {'a', 'b', 'c', 'f', 'h', 'x'};
  std::vector<char> v2 {'a', 'b', 'c'};
  std::vector<char> v3 {'a', 'c'};
  std::vector<char> v4 {'g'};
  std::vector<char> v5 {'a', 'c', 'g'};
  std::vector<char> v6;
 
  for (auto i : v1) std::cout << i << ' ';
  std::cout << "includes:\n";
 
  for (auto i : v2) std::cout << i << ' ';
  std::cout << ": " << std::includes(v1.begin(), v1.end(), v2.begin(), v2.end()) << '\n';
  for (auto i : v3) std::cout << i << ' ';
  std::cout << ": " << std::includes(v1.begin(), v1.end(), v3.begin(), v3.end()) << '\n';
  for (auto i : v4) std::cout << i << ' ';
  std::cout << ": " << std::includes(v1.begin(), v1.end(), v4.begin(), v4.end()) << '\n';
  for (auto i : v5) std::cout << i << ' ';
  std::cout << ": " << std::includes(v1.begin(), v1.end(), v5.begin(), v5.end()) << '\n';
  for (auto i : v6) std::cout << i << ' ';
  std::cout << ": " << std::includes(v1.begin(), v1.end(), v6.begin(), v6.end()) << '\n';
 
  auto cmp_nocase = [](char a, char b) {
    return std::tolower(a) < std::tolower(b);
  }
  std::vector<char> v7 {'A', 'B', 'C'};
  for (auto i : v7) std::cout << i << ' ';
  std::cout << ": "
            << std::includes(v1.begin(), v1.end(), v7.begin(), v7.end(), cmp_nocase)
            << '\n';
}

Output:

a b c f h x includes:
a b c : 1
a c : 1
g : 0
a c g : 0
A B C : 1

[modifica] Vedi anche

calcola la differenza tra due insiemi
Original:
computes the difference between two sets
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(funzione di modello) [edit]
searches for a range of elements
(funzione di modello) [edit]